Archive for the ‘Gas Saving Tips’ Category

How To Maximize Your Gas Rebates Every Month

Maximizing Gas Credit Card Rebates

As many of you know if you’ve been reading my blog for a while you’re certainly aware that I’m an advocate of getting a gas card as an easy way to help you save money on gas.

However, as many readers have pointed out, the gas card that I tend to recommend, the Discover Open Road Card, only gives you a 5% rebate on the first $100 you spend each month. And I’m well aware that with gas prices being what they are that just about all of us are spending more than $100/month in gas right now.

While there are several other cards out there with higher limits, none of them offer the 5% cash back at any station that the Open Road Card does.

This dilemma got me to thinking about how we can “have our cake and eat it too.” And then it became pretty clear to me how to maximize the gas rebates you get in any given month… simply get another gas card.

Now for those of you who don’t live in an area with many lots of gas stations (who doesn’t) and you don’t want to tie yourself to one company, then I’d recommend you combine the Discover Open Road Card with the Chase Freedom(SM) MasterCard (5% cash back).

The one trick to pulling this off is that your credit needs to be in the good to excellent range. If you have bad credit, you’re going to have a hard time getting approved for both cards.

I’d be interested in hearing your feedback on “maximizing gas card rebates” and what you think.

And if you need to apply for the cards I mentioned above, here are the links:
Apply for the Discover Open Road Card
Apply for the Chase Freedom(SM) MasterCard

Posted: June 14th, 2008
at 9:30pm by Fuel Saver


Categories: Gas Saving Tips

Comments: No comments


Finding The Cheapest Gas While Traveling

If you’ve been following my blog posts for a while, you’ll know that this site can help you find the cheapest gas in your area just by doing a quick search with you zip code. You’ll get a bunch of gas stations close to your home and you can easily sort them to find the gas station with the lowest prices.

And I know that I use it myself pretty frequently and find it pretty darn accurate, however, it certainly does have it’s limitations. After all, if you’re travelling it’s pretty much useless. Even if you have a cell phone with internet access (like an iPhone), you probably don’t know what zip code you’re in. Usually, you just have to stop at the closest gas station or if you’re at a stop along the Insterstate, you may have three of four choices, but cheaper gas may just be one more exit down and you won’t know until you get there.

And if you’re like me, you hate paying more than you need to for gas.

I just took a trip to Colorado with some friends to do a little whitewater rafting and we never knew if we were paying more for gas than we had to. Sometimes we did okay, and other times we paid more than we needed to.

However, this is now a problem that nobody need suffer with anymore.

You can get real time gas price information on TomTom Go 720/920 and newer models like the 930. I personally use an older model of TomTom’s GPS devices and I can say that they’re excellent GPS units. And this gas price perk is one that has certainly got me thinking about an upgrade.

If you’re coming up on an exit, you’ll be able to not only see where the gas stations are, but you’ll be able to see just how much each gas station is charging for gas.

There is a small annual fee of $15 on this device which I think most people would find to be worth it if they do a lot of driving especially since gas stations along the Interstate can vary in price by 20 cents or more from one gas station to another (especially from one exit to another).

The gas price info is provided by the OPIS (Oil Price Information Service) and IPIX and covers more than 100,000 gas stations across the country.

And the information is updated every four hours so you’re likely to get up to date information most of the time.

You can learn more about the TomTom Go 930 by clicking here.

Did you enjoy this post? If so, why not subscribe to my RSS feed and be notified every time I make a new blog post.

Need an easy way to start saving money on gas right now? I recommend you get a gas card. They’re free, and the savings can really add up. Check out my gas cards page to find out which ones are recommended and which ones aren’t worth the plastic they’re printed on.

Have you signed up to get my free money saving report, “62 ways to save money on gas” yet? If not, click here to get it absolutely FREE!

Posted: June 12th, 2008
at 9:31pm by Fuel Saver


Categories: Gas Saving Tips

Comments: 1 comment


Double Your Gas Mileage

A few weeks ago when I was interviewed on the radio the guys asked me how to get twice the gas mileage out of your car, and I told them it wasn’t possible. Well, as it turns out I was wrong. And no, in this case you don’t need to use any funny additives or devices in your vehicle.

Instead, you do what has been coined “hypermiling.” The best hypermilers are able to double the gas mileage that their cars are supposed to get by driving quite conservatively most of the time.

CNN just ran a news story on this very topic and you can watch a video with the person who “invented” hypermiling, Wayne Gerdes. This guy manages to get up over 50mpg from a Honda Accord – not a hybrid – just a regular old Accord.

And he does it by taking a lot of the gas saving advice you’ll find on this site and taking it to extremes. For example, Wayne hates to use the brake peddle and only uses it if he absolutely. Otherwise, you’ll find him slowly coasting up to stoplights, timing them just perfectly so he doesn’t need to apply the brake. And while he’s coasting he also shuts off the engine to conserve fuel. He parks at the top of hills and doesn’t use his air conditioner (and he also keeps his windows up most of the time). It’s a pretty extreme way of driving but if you’re serious about saving money on gas, then I’d definitely recommend you give it a try. Remember, you don’t need to be nearly as extreme as Wayne to start saving money on gas.

You can learn more about Wayne Gerdis and hypermiling by visiting what I think is his website – Hypermiling.com.

Did you enjoy this post? If so, why not subscribe to my RSS feed and be notified every time I make a new blog post.

Need an easy way to start saving money on gas right now? I recommend you get a gas card. They’re free, and the savings can really add up. Check out my gas cards page to find out which ones are recommended and which ones aren’t worth the plastic they’re printed on.

Have you signed up to get my free money saving report, “62 ways to save money on gas” yet? If not, click here to get it absolutely FREE!

Posted: June 7th, 2008
at 5:28pm by Fuel Saver


Categories: Gas Saving Tips

Comments: No comments


Is it time to buy a diesel?

ford f-250 diesel truckWhenever I tell anyone that I hope my next vehicle is a VW Jetta TDI, they all ask me two questions – 1) what the is it and 2) why would you want to drive a diesel when diesel prices are ridiculous.

Let’s start number one. The VW Jetta TDI is simply a diesel powered Volkswagon Jetta that gets more than 50mpg with a diesel engine – no complicated hybrid technology involved.

And for number 2… with diesel prices reaching $5/gallon why in the heck would anyone want to buy a diesel powered vehicle anymore? Well, first of all, it’s twice the gas mileage that most vehicles get and is even better mileage than the Toyota Prius gets. Also, diesel vehicles have proven that they tend to last a long time, typically easily reaching 200,000 – 300,000 miles. And if anything ever needs servicing on diesel vehicle it’s certainly going to cost less since most mechanics are quite familiar with diesel technology – the same can’t be said for hybrid technology.

Of course, the coolest thing about diesels is their ability to run on far cheaper fuel – vegetable oil. Instead of paying $4 or $5/gallon you can actually get your costs down to as low 46 cents per gallon for fuel.

Filling up the tank for less than $10? You can count me in. Now can you see why I want one?

And this can make getting that diesel powered truck a far more attractive option. Yesterday I was talking about how SUV and truck sales have plummeted with diesel trucks dropping $5000 in value or more. To me that screams opportunity. I could get myself a diesel truck (which always get better gas mileage than their conventional gasoline counterparts anyway) for far less than I could have a few months ago and start running the vehicle on vegetable oil and still pay far less in fuel costs than those Prius owners. Not only that, I wouldn’t be burning any fossil fuels so it’s far more enviromentally friendly.

So have I piqued your interest yet?

Well, if you think it’s worth a try, here’s what I’d recommend you do. You don’t need to go out and do a complicated biodiesel conversion to get started. Instead, you can get this really cool product called the “Diesel Secret” which is a fuel additive you add to the oil you’re going to use as fuel. You don’t need to perform any conversions on your vehicle. You just put in the fuel additive and run the oil through a filter and you’re all set. When it’s all said and done it takes just a little more time than normal to fill up your vehicle, but you end up only paying $.46/gallon or so and many people have reported that it actually makes their diesel engine run better than it did on regular diesel they purchased at the pump.

You can learn more about the Diesel Secret fuel additive here. If you are thinking about buying a diesel or you already own one, I’d definitely recommend taking a look at it.

Posted: June 6th, 2008
at 5:02pm by Fuel Saver


Categories: Alternative Fuel Vehicles,Fuel Technology,Gas Saving Tips

Comments: 2 comments


How I Save Money On Gas

A lot of people personally ask me what I do to save money on gas? Do I drive hybrid? Do I have a bunch of gizmos in my car that make it consume less gas? Is my engine powered by hamsters?

No. No. And No.

I think a lot of people try to make saving money on gas a lot more complicated than it needs to be. Sure, a Toyota Prius hybrid is going to get a lot better gas mileage than a Chevy Suburban, but for a lot of people that just isn’t a practical switch. (assuming that if you drive a Suburban you actually have a need for a vehicle that size.)

With gas prices what they currently are (almost $4/gallon here) I spend about $80/month on gasoline.

I go through about 1 tank of gas a month unless I’m travelling that month. For me, the reason I’m able to go through so little gas is that I work from home so I don’t have any commute. And honestly, if this is something you can do or if it’s even a remote possibility, then I’d recommend checking it out. It’s something that I really enjoy.

Many businesses, maybe even your current employer, already have telecommuting programs so it’s not like you need to go out and do something dramatically different, but if you do want to have your own home based business, then I’d say go for it.

That doesn’t mean I don’t drive anywhere. I play volleyball twice a week, flag football, and floor hockey so I do have to drive to those. In the summer when it’s nice out and not raining, I like to take my motorcycle which gets 50mpg, a big change from my 22mpg van.

I also try to plan my driving so I don’t have to drive more than necessary. If I’m going to the grocery store, I make sure that I’m stocked up on everything so I don’t need to go back for another week. If I do need groceries before then, there is a smaller store about 7 blocks from my house that I walk to.

So to recap:
• I work from home (biggest way I save money on gas)
• I drive a motorcycle when the weather permits
• I walk or ride my bike when I can
• I plan my trips carefully to avoid excess driving
• I drive conservatively, accelerating slowly and anticipating when I’ll need to stop
• I use a gas card when I do fill up.

So think about what things you can start doing right now to start saving money on gas – I think you’ll find that it’s easier than you thought.

Did you enjoy this post? If so, why not subscribe to my RSS feed and be notified every time I make a new blog post.

Need an easy way to start saving money on gas right now? I recommend you get a gas card. They’re free, and the savings can really add up. Check out my gas cards page to find out which ones are recommended and which ones aren’t worth the plastic they’re printed on.

Have you signed up to get my free money saving report, “62 ways to save money on gas” yet? If not, click here to get it absolutely FREE!

Posted: May 24th, 2008
at 5:46pm by Fuel Saver


Categories: Gas Saving Tips

Comments: 1 comment


My Best Gas Saving Tips

So I was recently featured on 1620thegame and was asked to share my best gas saving tips.

You can listen the the entire 7 minute segment here:


powered by ODEO

You can also download the mp3 of the podcast at http://odeo.com/show/19188473/4/download/GaryRuplinger.mp3

But if you’d just rather get some of my best tips to save money on gas, then here are my top tips to save money on gas:

1) Stop driving like you’re running from the cops. Driving like it’s a NASCAR tryout results in NASCAR like gas mileage. Slow down, take corners slower, slow down sooner, and accelerate more slowly.

2) Get That Junk Outta Ya Trunk. I’m not saying you gotta go have liposuction, but if you’ve got all kinds of extra stuff sitting in the trunk of your car, get it outta there.

3) Get a gas card. This is a super simple way to save up to twenty cents per gallon on gas. I’ve put together a list of my favorite gas cards here. Get one, they’re free.

4) Use a gas price checker. The price of gas at gas stations can vary by as much as twenty cents per gallon and prices change on a daily basis. Use a little program like this one to help you find the cheapest gas in your area just by sticking in your zip code.

5) Stop Idling. If you’re at a railroad crossing waiting for a train. Turn off your engine. If you stop at McDonald’s for some fast food, go inside instead of using the drive thru.

6) Keep your tires inflated. It’s estimated that up to 80% of people have underinflated tires and this is causing you to spend more money than necessary on gas.

Did you enjoy this post? If so, why not subscribe to my RSS feed and be notified every time I make a new blog post.

Need an easy way to start saving money on gas right now? I recommend you get a gas card. They’re free, and the savings can really add up. Check out my gas cards page to find out which ones are recommended and which ones aren’t worth the plastic they’re printed on.

Have you signed up to get my free money saving report, “62 ways to save money on gas” yet? If not, click here to get it absolutely FREE!

Posted: May 15th, 2008
at 4:07pm by Fuel Saver


Categories: Gas Saving Tips

Comments: No comments


Is A Hybrid Really Worth The Extra Money

I just got done with an interview on Houston’s 1560 The Game about how to save money on gas and one thing that came up was if hybrid cars were really worth the extra money they cost.

I said no. You just don’t make up the extra cost when you drive them when compared to the non hybrid version of the car.

Then another guy came on and told me that with his Prius it’s totally worth it.

So let’s crunch some numbers here. Since the Prius is the most popular hybrid, I’d like to use that but there really is no comparable vehicle to compare it to so let’s instead use the the Toyota Camry and the Toyota Camry Hybrid.

The MSRP of the Toyota Camry is $19,380.
The MSRP of the Toyota Camry Hybrid is $27,389

The hybrid costs $8,009 more than the regular Camry. So if gas costs $4/gallon then you’ve got to make up 2,002 gallons of gas over the life of the vehicle to make up for the extra cost of the hybrid.

For the sake of simplicity, let’s just use city mileage since that’s where the hybird really makes a difference. The Camry gets 21mpg in the city and the Camry Hybrid gets 33mpg in the city.

Now let’s say you drive 100,000 miles (all city driving, of course). In the regular Camry you’d have used 4761 gallons of gas to do so.

With the hybrid you’d have used 3030 gallons of gas, a savings of 1731 gallons. So after 100,000 miles you’d still not have made up the difference. And let’s just say you drive 10,000 miles a year – after 10 years that hybrid you bought still hasn’t paid for itself.

Eventually, the hybrid will pay for itself if you only ever drive it in the city, but most of us don’t do that. We drive on the highway too, and on the highway the hybrid gets only a slight mileage advantage – 31mpg for the conventional engine and 34mpg for the hybrid engine.

I think the reason people think the Prius is such a good buy is because there is no conventional Prius to compare it to, but a conventional Prius would certainly cost thousands less and would still get pretty good gas mileage since it’s a small car. That’s what you need to remember. Of course Prius is going to look good when compared to a Hummer, buy so does just about every other vehicle.

That’s why I say it’s just not worth it.

I’d recommend waiting until the PHEVs are released (the plug-in electric hybrids) which will be in the next year or so or wait until the summer to get a 50mpg+ Volkswagon Jetta TDI (clean diesel powered car).

Did you enjoy this post? If so, why not subscribe to my RSS feed and be notified every time I make a new blog post.

Need an easy way to start saving money on gas right now? I recommend you get a gas card. They’re free, and the savings can really add up. Check out my gas cards page to find out which ones are recommended and which ones aren’t worth the plastic they’re printed on.

Have you signed up to get my free money saving report, “62 ways to save money on gas” yet? If not, click here to get it absolutely FREE!

Posted: May 8th, 2008
at 6:58pm by Fuel Saver


Categories: Fuel Technology,Gas Prices,Gas Saving Tips

Comments: No comments


What Are Fuel Catalysts, and How Do They Help Gas Mileage?

What would you say if I told you there’s a product you could use that would increase your car’s horsepower, decrease its emissions, and get you better gas mileage? You’d probably be totally for it or think I was completely insane. Well, there is iin fact a product that does all the above. Fuel catalysts are simply chemicals, usually in liquid or pill form, that you add into your gas tank (kind of like drinking a Red Bull, but for your car). After a short time, you’ll get better gas mileage, more power, and be helping the environment. And fuel catalysts not only work in cars, vans, and SUVs; they also work in motorcycles, boats, RVs, farm equipment, generators, and pretty much anything that uses petroleum based fuels. If these products sound like something you’re interesting in, just read on.

I’ve already told you what these fuel catalysts can do, but you’re also probably wondering what they are and how they work. A catalyst in a reaction is an extra ingredient that makes the reaction go faster or more efficiently. In the case of fuel catalysts, they make the reaction of burning fuel more efficient. They don’t actually mix with your gasoline; they chemically alter in to a different substance. This new type of fuel burns better than regular gasoline, making it more efficient.

So, how does this make your vehicle run better? When your vehicle runs normally, 85% of the energy produced by the reaction is heat. This means that only 15% of the energy is actually going into running your engine. Also, there are a lot of byproducts produced that build up in your engine, making it even less efficient. When you add a fuel catalyst, the burning of gasoline or diesel becomes more efficient. This makes the engine operate at a lower temperature; meaning that less of the energy is being lost as heat and more of the energy is being used to power your car. This increases your car’s horsepower and gas mileage. Adding a catalyst also produces fewer byproducts because of the increased efficiency of the reaction, meaning less buildup in your engine and even more efficiency. A cleaner engine also means that you’ll have fewer breakdowns and need fewer tune-ups. This saves you even more money!

I also mentioned earlier that these fuel additives help reduce pollution. When a catalyst is added to a reaction, this means more of the final product in produced and byproducts are reduced. The muck in your engine is one bad byproduct, but it’s not the only one. When fuel burns more efficiently, it produces more carbon dioxide and less carbon monoxide. You may think “but isn’t carbon dioxide bad?” Well, yes, but carbon monoxide is more toxic. Plus, even though you’re getting more carbon dioxide from each gallon; you’re burning fewer gallons overall, so it’s not really bad.

I’ve given you as much information about these products as I can, but I understand you may still be skeptical. The best way to find out if these products really work is to try them yourself. What I must warn you against is trying one dose of one of these products and then saying that it doesn’t work because there was little improvement. Depending on the age of your vehicle, there may be a whole lot of gunk inside it that needs to be cleaned out. It may take using one of these products several times to see noticeable results. So, if you’re really serious about saving money on gas and repairs, or on helping the environment; then you should stick with it before you decide this isn’t working for you.

Posted: January 11th, 2008
at 9:57pm by Fuel Saver


Categories: Fuel Technology,Gas Saving Tips

Comments: No comments


Vehicles That Will Help You Save Money On Gas

Prices at the pump are rising steadily; more and more of the vehicles being released get very low gas mileage. This makes it really hard to get around town or to work, on a budget. Fortunately, there are plenty of options out there for someone who wants to get better gas mileage, make a “green” choice for the environment, and even one for your mid life crisis – a 130mph electric powered sportscar.

If you’re not ready to take the plunge and buy a hybrid or electric vehicle, there are many gas-engine cars that get very good gas mileage. For small cars, the mini cooper (28 city/36 highway) gets you the most miles for your gallon. If you’re looking at midsize or large cars, you should check out Hyundai. The Elantra gets 27 city/34 highway, and the Sonata get 24 city/34 highway. If you’re looking into station wagons, the Pontiac Vibe and the Toyota Matrix both get 30 city/36 highway.

If you’re looking for a car with even better gas mileage, you should check out hybrid cars. The concept of a hybrid is that its engine is actually a combination of two engines: a traditional gas engine, and an electric engine. Unlike true electric cars, the electric engine is charged by the gas engine, so there’s no need to plug it in. And while all the power is ultimately derived from the gas engine, these cars, van’s, and SUVs still get way batter gas mileage and saving you tons of money at the pump. If you’re looking simply for the best gas mileage overall, you should check out the Honda insight; it gets 60 mpg city, 66 mpg highway. Plus it’s from Honda so you can be confident you’re getting a solid long lasting vehicle. If you’re looking for an SUV, the vehicle with the best gas mileage is the Ford Escape hybrid. It gets 31 mpg city, 36 mpg highway. Imagine, getting the gas mileage of a car (or better) from an SUV.

Another option for saving fuel that will be available on the market soon is the plug-in hybrid. You’re probably thinking “why would I want to plug in my hybrid when I can just get a regular hybrid?’ One dollar to get as far as a gallon of gas, that’s why. A plug in hybrid is the same as a regular hybrid except you have the option of charging the electric engine. This means that if you only take short trips, your gas engine will rarely even have to turn on, and electricity gets you as far as a gallon of gas for about $1. And, unlike normal electric cars, you never have to worry about your battery dying so you can go as far as you want on your gas engine.

Another advance that shouldn’t be overlooked is the turbo diesel market. I know what you’re thinking – “Diesel? Are you kidding me? They’re loud, polluting, and they smell!”

That used to be the case, but due to a new law passed requiring ultra low sulfur diesel in the United States, diesel is ready for a comeback. And to help get the party started are a slew of vehicles coming 2008 and 2009, including the Volkswagon Jetta TDI (75mpg), the Audi A4, the BMW 3 Sedan (35 mpg+), the Honda Accord (50 mpg), and a Ford F-150 pickup that gets 31 mpg! While diesel may not be a solution that will eliminate our need for oil, it’s certainly one that can help you save big at the pump.

If you want to just skip the gas altogether, there have been some great advances in electric vehicles. You’ll forget everything you know about electric vehicles when you see the Tesla Motors Roadster. Seriously, check it out! It’s fully electric, so you can always get a gas mileage equivalent of about 135 miles per gallon. Unlike traditional electric cars, this one runs on a lithium ion battery, so it can go farther between charges (about 250 miles), it can go a lot faster (top speed of 130 mph), and to be honest, it just looks cooler.

With any type of vehicle, you should keep your car in good shape and making sure it gets regular tune ups, this will help keep up gas efficiency. Also remember that the weight of the vehicle matters. Carrying around stuff you don’t need and always having a full tank will raise your gas mileage.

Did you enjoy this post? If so, why not subscribe to my RSS feed and be notified every time I make a new blog post.

Need an easy way to start saving money on gas right now? I recommend you get a gas card. They’re free, and the savings can really add up. Check out my gas cards page to find out which ones are recommended and which ones aren’t worth the plastic they’re printed on.

Have you signed up to get my free money saving report, “62 ways to save money on gas” yet? If not, click here to get it absolutely FREE!

Posted: January 10th, 2008
at 9:45pm by Fuel Saver


Categories: Alternative Fuel Vehicles,Fuel Technology,Gas Prices,Gas Saving Tips

Comments: No comments


How Your Tires Affect Gas Mileage

Your tires – where the rubber meets the road.

And when it comes to saving money on gas, your tires can may be helping you get better gas mileage or they may be hurting your gas mileage.

So if you’d like to get better gas mileage and you’re not ready to buy one of the brand new super fuel efficient turbo diesels or a hybrid, then here are some tips to make sure you’re tires are up to snuff.

1 – Proper Inflation

It’s been estimated that up to 50% of people are driving around on underinflated tires. While tires that don’t have proper air pressure in them are unsafe, you will also lose 2% of your gas mileage for every 5 pounds per square inch (psi) of pressure that you are below the manufacturers recommended pressure. The reason is that if your tire isn’t inflated properly, there’s going to be more tire touching the road, causing more friction, which reduces gas mileage.

How can you tell if your tires are underinflated? Well, if they look flat they probably are, but it’s not always possible to tell if your tires are properly inflated just by looking at them. In fact, it’s actually quite difficult. What you need is a tool called a tire pressure gauge that you can get from any auto parts store and even your local Walmart or Sears – they’re not expensive (Here’s a cool digital gauge you can get from Amazon for $12). Also, some gas station hoses will have one of these tools built onto them so you can check your pressure when you fill up.

When you’re filling up one tire, make sure you check the rest to make sure that all your tires are properly and evenly inflated.

2 – Type of Tire

Some tires have specialized purposes – like snow tires. Snow tires are really good at driving through snow, but they do so at the expense of gas mileage. If you put snow tires on for the winter, make sure you take them off in spring.

Also, using steel belted tires can help you improve your gas mileage by up to 10%.

And when you’re buying tires, try to fine a tire that has a low rolling resistance.

Wide tires and studded tires will both significantly lower your gas mileage. And unless you’re doing a lot of off roading – you don’t need off road tires.

3 – Alignment & Balance

Make sure that your wheels are properly balanced and aligned. While this isn’t really something you can do at home without specialized equipment, your local auto repair shop can easily do this for you. Keeping everything aligned and balanced means that your tires will roll as freely as possible, helping you consume less gas.

While there are a lot of things you can do to save money on gas, make sure you don’t neglect your tires since they’re the only part of your vehicle that actually touches the road.

Did you enjoy this post? If so, why not subscribe to my RSS feed and be notified every time I make a new blog post.

Need an easy way to start saving money on gas right now? I recommend you get a gas card. They’re free, and the savings can really add up. Check out my gas cards page to find out which ones are recommended and which ones aren’t worth the plastic they’re printed on.

Have you signed up to get my free money saving report, “62 ways to save money on gas” yet? If not, click here to get it absolutely FREE!

Posted: January 8th, 2008
at 6:28pm by Fuel Saver


Categories: Gas Saving Tips

Comments: No comments


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